Conical with age

Description. Chinese white pine is an evergreen coniferous species of tree that grows to mature heights of 115 feet (35 m) tall with a trunk 40 inches (100 cm) in diameter, measured at breast height. Its crown is conical in young trees with whorled branching, becoming rounded and irregularly branched with age.

  • Bark is smooth, brownish-gray in color, becoming platy and fissured, blackish brown to grayish red brown, covered by thin, loosely appressed small scales with age. Outer bark is about 0.32 inch (8 mm) thick; inner bark is 0.32 to 0.6 inch (8 – l5 mm) thick, colored pale reddish white, and finely fibrous textured.
  • Needles grow in fascicles of 5, with a quickly deciduous sheath. Needles are slender, 3.2 to 6 inches (8 – 15 cm) long, 0.04 to 0.06 inch (1 – 1.5 mm) thick, serrulate in texture, bright green in color, triangular in cross section, with 1 vascular bundle and 3 resin ducts, one medial, two marginal.
  • Pollen cones are borne in spiral clusters at the base of new shoots. They are 0.6 to 1 inch (1.5 – 2.5 cm) long, colored greenish white with a reddish tip.
  • Seed cones grow in clusters of 1 or 2, erect becoming pendulous from stout 0.8 to 1.2 inch (2 – 3 cm) long peduncles. They are 3.2 to 5.6 inches (8 – 14 cm) long, conical-cylindric shaped, often resinous, colored green when young, maturing golden brown, falling after seeds have dispersed.
  • Cone scales are rigid, 1.2 to 1.6 inches (3 – 4 cm) long and 1 to 1.2 inches (2.5 – 3 cm) wide with a thickened triangular or rhombic apophysis; umbo is obtuse shaped, darker than the scales, without a prickle.
  • Seed is obovoid shaped, 0.4 to 0.6 inch (10 – 15 mm) long, and wingless.

This species is native to China: southern Gansu, central and northernwestern Guizhou, Hainan, southwestern Henan, western Hubei, southern Shaanxi, southern Shanxi, Sichuan, southeastern Xizang, and Yunnan provinces at elevations of 3,000 to 11,500 feet (900 – 3,500 m) above sea level; in northern and central Taiwan at elevations of 7,600 to 10,000 feet (2,300 – 3,000 m); and in northern Myanmar. It typicall grows in mixed conifer forests with species of Abies, Picea, Pseudotsuga and (in southwestern Shina) Larix; often on thin, rocky soils. The trees in Taiwan are var. mastersiana; all others are var. armandii.

Hardy to USDA Zone 7 — cold hardiness limit between 0° and 10°F (-17.7° and -12.2°C).

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Availability & Ordering


When ordering tray material, any 38 Ct and 50 Ct Evergreen Gro Plugs or 18 Ct cell liner trays, the order quantity must be in full tray increments.

  • 7 trays of 50 Ct Gro Plugs would be 350 plants on the order line.
  • 5 trays of 18 Ct trays would be 90 plants on the order line.

All bare root birch single stem must be ordered in increments of 10.

All bare root evergreen T Bedrun Four Year Old, minimum order is 25 plants per variety.

Availability Legend

  • 50GP = One year from seed, sold 50 trees per tray, 3 tray mix/match minimum
  • 18 Ct Tray = Two years from seed/cutting, 3 tray mix/match minimum
  • #1 Container = 3 year old tree container grown
  • #5 Container =  5 year old tree container established
  • T Bedrun = 4  year old field grown bare root liners/bed run
Season Code
  • F22-S23
When products are available
  • FALL 2022 – SPRING 2023

See about our growing process here